Diarrhoea occurs world-wide and causes 4% of all deaths and 5% of health loss to disability. It is most commonly caused by gastrointestinal infections which kill around 2.2 million people globally each year, mostly children in developing countries. The use of water in hygiene is an important preventive measure but contaminated water is also an important cause of diarrhoea. Cholera and dysentery cause severe, sometimes life threatening forms of diarrhoea.
Diarrhoea is a symptom of infection caused by a host of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms most of which can be spread by contaminated water. It is more common when there is a shortage of clean water for drinking, cooking and cleaning and basic hygiene is important in prevention.
Water Shortage by Prof. Liwayway Memije-Cruz
“Where there is no water, there is no life. . . . We live by the grace of water.” -Michael Parfit, writer for National Geographic
Diane Raines Ward wrote in her book entitled Water Wars-Drought, Flood, Folly, and the Politics of Thirst, that 40 percent of the world’s population “carry their water from well, rivers, ponds, or puddles outside of their homes.” In some countries, women may spend up to six hours fetching water for their families, lugging it home in containers that, when full, weigh more than 40 pounds.